Basel, the third largest city of Switzerland, is known as a pharmaceutical multinational centre. However, it would be a bit narrow-minded to leave it to that. Basel is an interesting arty city, split up by the river Rhine and its medieval past is endowed with some of the greatest minds of European history, including Erasmus, Ulrich Zwingli and later Friedrich Nietzsche and Hermann Hesse. Its long-standing patronage of the arts has resulted in a monopoly of first-rate museums and galleries, which are well worth visiting, as is its historic centre. The right bank, better known as Kleinbasel, is the more modern centre. On the left bank, Grossbasel, one can trace the history of Basel in the old town that is ruled by the Monster Cathedral where the bones of the reformist Erasmus are buried. Basel's sights can be easily explored on foot. The highest concentration of sights is around the old marketplace and the cathedral. The hilly surroundings of the city offer some excellent views and walks. Don't miss your chance to stand on the three countries corner, Switzerland, France and Germany. A good day-trip is a visit to Kaiseraugst, just some few kilometers from Basel. Here, you can visit the remnants of the oldest Roman city on the Rhine.
Other must-do activities include Jean Tinguely Museum, accessible by public transport and the Fasnacht Festival, once a year – a tradition of costumes, music and fun.
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Top 10 Highly Developed Countries Part-1
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic used to rank countries according to their development levels from 'very high' to 'low'. Countries are placed based on life expectancy, education, standard of living, child welfare, health care, economic welfare, and population happiness. Here is a list of world's highly developed countries as per HDI.
This country of almost 5 million is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with extremely high education standards and a very low poverty and unemployment rate, with a life expectancy of 80.2 years. Norway was a pivotal founding member of NATO but rejected joining the EU, but continues to have good relations with neighbouring European countries. Norway has one of the largest reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, freshwater, and hydro-power in the world and is a major exporter of oil. Norway is internationally recognised for its universal health care, advanced schooling systems, and a distinguished social security system. For all these reasons, the Kingdom of Norway ranks number one on the United Nation's Human Development Index.
Officially the Commonwealth of Australia has the world's 13th largest economy. Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy with some of the highest rankings in the world in the categories of quality of life, health, education (nearly a 100% literacy rate and extremely high percentages of enrolment and college graduates), economic freedom, and finally civil liberties and protection of human rights. The 22.7 million inhabitants enjoy a country striving for a stable government, content citizens, peace, and sustainability and protection of wildlife and biodiversity, and a life expectancy of 81.2 years. Of course, Australia is a fantastic place to visit and experience its rustic wildlife and beautiful cities such as Sydney.
Also known as Holland, the Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy, while also being a representative democracy. Netherlands has very high educational and literacy standards, while having low poverty and unemployment rates. Throughout its history, the Netherlands was one of the key founders of the EU, NATO, OECD, and WTO and is a called the "world's legal capital," hosting five international court systems. In May of 2011, the Netherland's 16.7 million people were ranked as the happiest in the world, with a stable economy, guileless government, low taxes, beautiful cities such as the capital of Amsterdam, and a healthy life expectancy of 79.8 years.
4. United States of America
The United States came a long way from its beginnings in 1776, beating the British in the American Revolution (with a lot of help from the French) and declaring its independence, and now, after removing the Native Americans, fighting a Civil War, dealing with the Great Depression, and engaging in two World Wars, the US has emerged as the most powerful country in the world, with a GDP of $15 trillion, the largest in the world. The US is a representative democracy, a manufacturing giant, a major importer and exporter of goods and a trading partner with every major country. The US is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world. However, all this aside, the US loses points because, out of a population of nearly 315 million, there is a 15% poverty rate, 9% unemployment average, and international critics argue that American education standards fall behind the rest of the world.
5. New Zealand
New Zealand has a beautiful landscape and flourishing animal life and biodiversity that attracts flocks of tourists annually. It is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy that also recognises Queen Elizabeth II as Head of State and in their national anthem. New Zealand has one of the highest living standards and happiness ratings in the world, and tends to be a strong advocate for peace and environmental sustainability, banning nuclear weapons and protecting its diverse wildlife. Its education, literacy, and health standards are all very high with a life expectancy of 80.2 years.
To be continued...