Stroll along the picturesque scenery offered by the Dubai Water Canal. Inaugurated by Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, its recent grand opening has paid off the anticipation and made it an exciting tourist attraction in perfect time for the New Year's celebrations. The part of Dubai that runs from Habtoor City to Bur Dubai is now an island and open for business, so to speak. With a light breeze indicating the imminent weather change, right now seems to be the best time to visit the canal, the length of which runs a whopping 9km into Dubai. The beautiful view from the surrounding bridges is breath-taking where you can see the line of buildings along Business Bay and the sprawl of trees and villas running through Jemeirah. The highlight of this canal, however, is the magnificent waterfall that flows on either side of the canal bridge; glowing with a bright purple/pink radiance, the rush of water resounds through one's ears as you get nearer to the grand display which is stunning to observe as you walk along the length of the promenade. What is even more fascinating is that whenever a boat approaches, it passes sensors that are placed before the bridge whereupon the waterfall parts as though a curtain call is being pulled open across a stage. It presents quite a spectacular scene to be enjoyed. There is no trip, no view like the ones Dubai can gift to its guests.
Dating back to an era between 248 BC and 226 AD, the Baghdad Battery or Parthian Battery is a set of three artefacts (a ceramic pot, a tube of one metal, and a rod of another) which were found together. The device consists of a 51/2-inch high clay vessel where in a copper cylinder was held in place by asphalt, and inside that was an oxidised iron rod. Experts who examined as well as Wilhelm König, a professional painter who was an assistant at the National Museum of Iraq in the 1930s, concluded that the device may have formed a galvanic cell needed only to be filled with an acid or alkaline liquid
to produce an electric
charge, perhaps used for electroplating gold onto silver objects. This interpretation is generally rejected today. While the artefact is referred to as a battery today, the origin and purpose of the object remains unclear. The current interpretation of their purpose is to be used as a storage vessel for sacred scrolls.
Born: May 06, 1856, Príbor, Czech Republic
Influenced by: Charles Darwin
Famous for: Founding the school of psychoanalysis
Died: September 23, 1939, Hampstead, United Kingdom
Brought up in Leipzig and Vienna, Freud proved to be an outstanding student from an early age, excelling in languages and English literature. During his early years, he developed a love for reading Shakespeare in original English, something he kept up throughout his life. At a young age of 17, he joined a medical facility that gave him an opportunity to study a range of subjects, such as philosophy, physiology and zoology. Graduating in 1881, Sigmund Freud joined a hospital where he lent his services in various departments, including psychiatric clinic. In 1886, Freud decided to set up his own practice, specialising in nervous disorders. An important aspect of his approach was to encourage patients to share their innermost thoughts and feelings, for which he initially used hypnosis then later switched to talk therapy. The neurologist hoped that by bringing those feelings to the patient's attention, they can address the problems and try to solve them. He used the term 'psychoanalysis' to explain his methods.
"I cannot think of any need in childhood as strong as the need for a father's protection."
One of the key elements of Freud's work was the importance of early experiences of children. He maintained that the successful resolution of their repressed desires at the time is important for the development of a healthy and mature personality. His book, The Interpretation of Dreams (1899) argued the existing data on dreams, calling them a way to fulfill wishes. His work on dreams proved instrumental in decoding the hidden elements that they are made of. Sigmund Freud's popularity increased in the early 1900s and he was able to form a large group of intellectuals called Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, who would gather to discuss various subjects. Freud was also responsible for the formation of the American Psychoanalytic Association in 1911.
"We are never so defenseless against suffering as when we love."
Often considered to take a pessimistic view of human nature, Freud was put on a prohibited list of Jewish writers when Nazi took over Germany in 1933. With his books being burnt in public and daughter, Anna Freud being captured, he decided to relocate. Along with 17 other colleagues, he was able to acquire work permit to immigrate to Britain, unlike his four elderly sisters who later died in concentration camps. In 1923, Freud was diagnosed with cancer (a result of his smoking habit). By 1939, the cancerous jaw worsened. He was survived by a wife and six children.
"Most people do not really want freedom, because freedom involves responsibility, and most people are frightened of responsibility."
The neurologist was instrumental in the growth of the school of psychoanalysis, even though his theories have more often than not stirred up controversies. Among other things, Freud was mostly criticised for the lack of scientific method in his approach, relying instead on trusting to his own judgment and intuition. Feminist movements have also frowned upon his theories regarding women, referring to it as a 'Victorian view' of them. However, despite all the criticisms his work has faced, he remains one of the most original and influential personalities in history.